How to Defragment the Hard Drive?

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Hard DriveThe hard drive (disk) stores information in many small pieces. In order to read one file for example, it needs to find all its pieces first. If they are all close to each other – great, but if they are spread all over the disk, then this will take much more time to do.

With time all the pieces spread more and more all over the hard disk (files are deleted, moved, new ones appear and so on). It becomes a big mess – the hard disk becomes fragmented and starts to work slower. This is why we need to defragment it from time to time. This way all the pieces of each file are moved closer to each other. This explanation is very simple and not fully accurate of course.

Below you will see how to defragment one partition from the hard drive in Windows 7 and after that in Windows XP. For better results it is recommended to have at least 15% free space in that partition.

For Windows 7

  1. Open the desktop icon called Computer.
  2. Select the partition that you want to defragment (for example Local Disk (C:)), right click on it, choose Properties and then Tools.
  3. Partition tools in Windows 7

  4. Click on Defragment now
  5. In the new window click the button Defragment disk.
  6. Defragmenting in Windows 7

  7. Wait for it to finish. It may take a lot of time.

For Windows XP

  1. Open the desktop icon called My Computer.
  2. Select the partition that you want to defragment (for example Local Disk (C:)), right click on it, choose Properties and then Tools.
  3. Drive partition tools in Windows XP

  4. Click the button Defragment Now
  5. In the new window click the button Defragment.
  6. Defragmentation in Windows XP

  7. Wait for it to finish. It may take a lot of time.

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Category: Computer Articles